Quick Reads

The Electric Vehicle (EV) toolkit offers resources and guidance to support developing countries address barriers to safe, effective, economical, and accelerated deployment of electric vehicles. This page contains a list of resources which quickly address multiple barriers and opportunities for EVs.

Fundamentals of Electric Vehicles (EVs)

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, November 2022

This slide deck was developed for and presented at an Energy Fundamentals Course hosted by the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET). While some of the content in the slide deck is tailored to Bangladesh specifically, this presentation is intended to be a general primer on electric vehicles that can be utilized for similar purposes by other universities or organizations throughout the world.

International Review of Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure and its Grid Integration - Report 2

NDC Transport Initiative for Asia (NDC-TIA), 2021

This report is the second in a series of four reports focused on EV charging infrastructure, related policy and regulatory measures, and grid integration of EVs in the Indian EV ecosystem. This specific report provides an international perspective, with analysis of EV charging infrastructure developments, grid integration of EVs, policy and regulatory review, various case studies, demonstrations and commercial implementation of EV charging technology and grid integration, from select countries around the world. The countries included in this report are the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Germany, The Republic of China, Norway, Denmark, The Netherlands and Sweden.

Fundamentals of Electric Vehicle Charging Technology and its Grid Integration - Report 1

NDC Transport Initiative for Asia (NDC-TIA), 2021

This report, focused on the Indian EV landscape, provides an overview of EV charging infrastructure, related policy and regulatory measures, and grid integration of EVs. This is the first in a series of four reports on the basics of EV charging infrastructure, standards, communication protocols, and grid integration of EVs.

EV City Casebook and Policy Guide 2021 Edition

International Energy Agency, 2021

This technical report collects and highlights how cities around the world are building better and cleaner mobility infrastructure. By providing global EV innovation case studies, this report is designed to inspire a transition towards electric mobility. In addition to case studies, this report also includes policy guidance, and analyses of common challenges and lessons to accelerate the deployment of electric vehicles. This is the third EV City Casebook and Policy Guide published by the IEA.

Electric Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Chart

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2021

Many standards development organizations (SDOs) are working to develop codes and standards needed for the utilization of alternative fuel vehicle technologies. This brief document contains two graphics that list SDOs that are developing standards related to electric vehicle deployment.

Full speed ahead Supercharging electric mobility in Southeast Asia

Deloitte, 2021

This report examines six key mobility markets in Southeast Asia – Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. The authors discuss five different enablers that support electrification, including total cost of ownership; battery range and life; charging networks, regulatory environment; and value chain potential. The maturity of each enabler is assessed for each market.

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure: Business Model and Tariff Design Support to the Lao PDR

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2020

This presentation covers an overview of Electric Vehicle (EV) and EV Supply Equipment (EVSE) deployment objectives in the Lao PDR, and provides an introduction to EV and EVSE government and utility motivations, introduction to business models for EVSE in the Lao PDR. 

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment: An Overview of Technical Standards to Support Lao PDR Electric Vehicle Market Development

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2020

This presentation is an overview of the technical standards governing electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) and was presented to support the development of the Lao PDR electric vehicle market. The presentation overviews EVSE, and then covers technical standards related to EVSE to vehicle connections and EVSE to grid connections. 

Battery Electric Bus Deployment Considerations in Developing Countries

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2020

Electrifying the transportation sector holds many promises and there are numerous strategies for doing so, including the deployment of battery electric buses (BEBs).  BEBs can improve air quality (particularly in urban areas), may help curb greenhouse gas emissions, and can have positive impacts on public health and the quality of life for city inhabitants. This fact sheet steps through the six essential BEB considerations: 1) implementation planning, 2) technology selection, 3) economic impacts, 4) charging infrastructure, 5) operational, and 6) maintenance.

Technical Evaluation of Battery Electric Bus Potential in Mexico City and Leon, Mexico

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2020

Battery electric buses (BEBs) can contribute to fewer traffic emissions, improved air quality and public health, economic development opportunities, and a better quality of life for city inhabitants. This report examines the potential for deployment of BEBs in Mexico City and Leon, Mexico. NREL used data collected by existing diesel busses to model the potential for BEBs using the Future Automotive Systems Technology Simulator (FASTSim) model. The study found potential for BEBs in these cities, and recommends further study that would be necessary for deployment. 

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment: Tariff Design Support to the Lao PDR

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2020

 In support of the Lao PDR government, NREL and USAID presented on designing electric vehicle tariffs in the Lao PDR in July 2020. The presentation addressed electric vehicle (EV) tariffs for personal vehicles, tariff design principles for private and public charging, where and how people charge their personal EVs, and retail customer charges for public electric vehicle supply equipment. 

Global EV Outlook 2020 

International Energy Agency, 2020

The Global EV Outlook is an annual publication that identifies and discusses recent developments in electric mobility across the globe. The report examines key areas such as electric vehicle and charging infrastructure deployment, ownership cost, energy use, carbon dioxide emissions and battery material demand. This edition features case studies on transit bus electrification in Kolkata (India), Shenzhen (China), Santiago (Chile) and Helsinki (Finland). The report includes policy recommendations that incorporate learning from frontrunner markets to inform policy makers and stakeholders who are considering policy frameworks and market systems for electric vehicle adoption.

The Value of Motorcycle Electrification in Mexico City 

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2020

Mexico City faces myriad transport challenges including poor air quality, congestion, and inequitable access to transit. This brief discusses the potential benefits of motorcycle electrification in Mexico City. Through a series of stakeholder working group engagements, researchers discovered that city officials wanted to improve air quality and mobility access in Mexico City and saw motorcycle electrification as a potential pathway to do so. Researchers conducted a technical evaluation of the potential benefits of motorcycle electrification, demonstrating that partial electrification of motorcycles could result in meaningful reduction in air pollutants.

Electric-Drive Vehicles 

United States Department of Energy, 2017

Electric-drive vehicles use electricity as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicle designs. This fact sheet provides a high-level technology overview of three categories of electric-drive vehicles: hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and all-electric vehicles (EVs).

Alternative Fuels Data Center 

United States Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 

The Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) provides information, data, and tools to help fleets and other transportation decision makers find ways to reach their energy and economic goals through the use of alternative and renewable fuels, advanced vehicles, and other fuel-saving measures.

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